THE OSLO MODEL AS A NEGOTIATION ARENA BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INTERESTS, OSLO, NORWAY

How to set up a negotiation arena, when the neighbour wants something else
Monofunctional areas | Envisioning Experimenting Mainstreaming
Source: Book of ideas Transforming Planning: https://issuu.com/suburban.reinventingthefringe/docs/2016_suburban_bookofideas_transform
Source: Book of ideas Transforming Planning: https://issuu.com/suburban.reinventingthefringe/docs/2016_suburban_bookofideas_transform
Keywords: City Planning | Strategic Planning | Public spaces | Housing | Urban development and infrastructure

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Oslo is a demographically fast growing city. It is situated between the sea and hilly forests which are key qualities for the city. In order to preserve the natural qualities and ensure a more sustainable growth the city has therefore decided a strategy of transformation and densification of existing urban areas. Since the city often has no ownership there, negotiation is a crucial instrument, often dealing with many developers and owners on one site.

 

Envisioning & experimenting

First of all Oslo acknowledges that for some cases the traditional master plan is the right tool. For instance when there is only one land owner or when there is a high dependency on new public infrastructure.

But in other cases the traditional planning processes are too complicated, too rigid and too slow, making it unattractive for private parties to start developments. Therefore Oslo is trying new ways to speed up and simplify this process of transformation and make it more flexible and resilient. The city is essentially doing this by focusing on the essentials and leaving room for private parties to fill in the rest.

 

Mainstreaming

The Planning Program defines general guidelines, chooses an urban development principle and sets rough parameters for land use, height and utilization. It is the basis for several plans which can also be developed and made by the private parties themselves.

The VPOR defines the boundary, size and desired qualities of public spaces, identifies and describes public projects and builds in a certain flexiblity, so that market parties can fill in the rest.

There are several cases when the above mentioned fast track planning options can be used. For instance when the plan is not too complicated, when time is an issue or when landowners/ developers and the planners have common interests (or can be made to understand that they have a common interest). After agreeing with the municipality on the VPOR and/ or the Program Plan, private developers make their own plans based on that. The developers can choose to build the public infrastructure themselves or pay the municipality to do so.

 

LESSONS LEARNED / RESULTS

  • Provide the speed and flexibility that is sometimes needed, but keep in control of the essentials
  • Do not be afraid to let go some of the tasks that were traditionally done by the municipality
  • Better synergy between the public and private interests.
  • Good basis for a fair distribution of cost.
  • Faster and less time-consuming process.
  • More flexible plans with room for change.

DATA

City information

Population size: 501 th - 1 m
Population development dynamics of the administrative city (at the time of the project): no data/not applicable
Population development dynamics of the functional urban area (at the time of the project): no data/not applicable
Website of the city: no data/not applicable


Project information

Project territorial focus: no data/not applicable
Project geographical area: no data/not applicable
Project type and size: building: no data/not applicable; area: no data/not applicable
Project main actors: no data/not applicable; Investors, private businesses
Project dominant property ownership: no data/not applicable
Project development stage (at the time of description): no data/not applicable
Project duration: no data/not applicable
Project starting date: no data/not applicable


Project References

http://urbact.eu/sites/default/files/media/20180315_fringe_200x267_small_0.pdf


Contact Person

Jorn Roar Moe, urban planner Municipality Olso